S.11. State Aid


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EC approves Belgian certificate schemes for RES and cogeneration in Flanders

Friday, February 23, 2018

The mechanisms will help Belgium meet its 13% RES target by 2020.


The EC concluded that the certificate schemes for RES and high-efficiency cogeneration implemented in Flanders (Belgium) are compatible with EU State aid rules. The EC stated in a press release that “[t]he two schemes contribute to reaching EU energy and climate goals whilst preserving competition”.

The measures proposed by Belgium are the following: (I) the RES power scheme (also labelled as green certificate) enables Belgian RES producers to receive one green certificate for each MWh they generate; and (ii) the combined heat and power (CHP) certificates scheme allows high-efficiency cogeneration plants to receive one certificate for each saved MWh. RES producers and high-efficiency CHP installations can then sell their certificates on the market and thereby obtain additional revenues on top of the electricity market price.

In October 2017, Belgium notified to the EC two new measures to support RES producers and high-efficiency cogeneration installations in the Flanders Region. The EC assessed the compatibility of the two schemes under EU State aid rules, more specifically under the 2014 Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy. It concluded that “the two certificates schemes will support the production of electricity from RES and high-efficiency cogeneration, in line with EU environmental objectives, while any distortion of competition caused by the public support is minimised”.