S.1. Energy Strategies

D.1.3. EU Energy Union

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ITRE Committee study reflects past and future governance in EU energy policy

Thursday, February 5, 2015

The ITRE Committee published a study on the EU energy governance reflecting its key characteristics as well as the main changes introduced by the Juncker EC and recommendations for the EP concerning the future EU energy governance.

At the request of the ITRE Committee, Triple E Consulting conducted a study on “the key features of the EU energy governance related to ITRE’s mandate”. The study looked into the “transparency, accountability, effectiveness and coherence” of the EU energy governance. Some of the key characteristics of EU energy policy identified by the report are that (i)“the division of responsibilities and interactions” between the EU and its Member States is highly dependent on the topic within energy policy (e.g. RES, energy efficiency, CCS, etc.); and that (ii) even though the EU’s energy policy responsibilities are slowly increasing, EU Member States still retain sovereignty over their energy mix.

In addition, the study lists the most important changes introduced by the Juncker EC, namely that: (i) energy policy becomes a high priority; (ii) a Vice-President and Commissioner share the responsibility for energy policy; (iii) the merger of DG CLIMA with DG ENER is expected; and (iv) the reporting obligations for EU Member States will be streamlined.

Finally the study also makes recommendations to the EP concerning future developments, including that (i) the EP should stimulate the interaction between the reporting of different topics within energy policy such as energy efficiency, RES or GHG emission reduction and that (ii) the EP should keep in close contact with “network organisations and regional supranational energy market coordination mechanisms”, these being crucial for the further development of the Internal Energy Market.